What is the status and how to register as an Autonomo?
Self-employed status is the Spanish equivalent of a self-employed or freelance worker and also includes persons (without legal personality) exercising small businesses. Anyone carrying out any of these activities is required to legalise these activities and has to register as an autonomo, payment of taxes and the levying of VAT are included. So the answer to the question “I have to register as self-employed” is usually “Yes” if you are earning money in Spain and are not employed or conduct business through a company.
Anyone who starts a profitable business in Spain (when they are not employees or if they do it through a company) must legalise this situation and register as an Autonomo, do accounting, expenses and taxes.
Steps to register as an Autonomo in Spain:
(i) Register with the Agenzia delle Entrate “AEAT” by filling in the “Form 036” under the item corresponding to the tax on economic activity “IAE” to be developed. To be registered as a resident taxpayer, you must fill in another form, “Form 030”.
(ii) Enrolment in the Spanish social security system